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Property Organism Value Units ID Details
Percent of speciation events in ferns that involve polyploidization Plants ~7 % 105423 Otto SP, Whitton J. Polyploid...
Percent of speciation events in angiosperms that involve polyploidization Plants 2-4 % 105421 Otto SP, Whitton J. Polyploid...
Most recent date of speciation of herring gull-species Birds <10,000 years ago 113001 Hebert PD, Stoeckle MY...
Estimated rates of plant extinction and speciation in the distant past (background), the recent past (Anthropocene), and the future (projected) Plants Table - link S/MSY (species per million species per year) 113398 Vellend M et al., Plant...
Life cycle length Magicicada cassini 17 years 101488 David C. Marshall, John...
Life cycle length Magicicada tredecassini 13 years 101490 David C. Marshall, John...
Diversification rates for selected taxa derived from different methods of analysis Eukaryotes Table - link species per million species years 112643 De Vos JM, Joppa LN,...
Population splits and effective population sizes (Ne) during great ape evolution Apes Figure - link N/A 111515 Prado-Martinez J et al....
Number of plant species Plants ~350,000 (representing an estimated 80–90% of the global total) species 113395 Vellend M et al., Plant...
Diversification rate Eukaryotes plants 0.06: birds 0.15: various chordates 0.2: arthropods 0.17: mammals 0.07 new species/species/million years 113447 Pimm SL et al., The ...
Time of divergence between Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Candida albicans Yeast ~300 Mya 113382 Vlastaridis P et al....
Rate of nucleotide substitution Spumavirus simian foamy virus (SFV) 1.7E-08 substitution/site/year 112773 Duffy S, Shackelton LA...
The ‘Big Five’ mass extinction events Biosphere Table - link N/A 112753 Barnosky AD et al., Has...
Fraction of the four billion species estimated to have evolved on the Earth over the last 3.5 billion years that are extinct Biosphere ~99 % 112752 Barnosky AD et al., Has...
Number of K and Mg atoms per cell (each) Bacteria Escherichia coli 1e+8 atoms/cell 108824 Finney LA, O'Halloran...
Number of Cu, Mn, Mo and Se atoms per cell (each) Bacteria Escherichia coli 10000 (~10µM) atoms/cell 108826 Finney LA, O'Halloran...
Hybrids are reported in Plants ~40% of plant families: ~16% of plant genera % 113467 Yakimowski SB, Rieseberg...
Diameter of the smallest eukaryote Ostreococcus tauri 1 µm 100494 Palenik B, Grimwood J...
Carriers in blood plasma Unspecified Table - link N/A 105405 J.J.R. Fraústo da Silva...
Number of Ca, Zn and Fe atoms per cell (each) Bacteria Escherichia coli 100000 (~0.1mM) atoms/cell 108825 Finney LA, O'Halloran...